Contrary to general belief, fuses offer superior protection to circuit breakers. The downfall is that many times, homeowners vary fuses incorrectly. hold reading because instructions above safely checking, sizing and replacing fuses at many older residential melt boxes.
1) determine that a melt has opened (blown) by inspecting the metal link across the glass. You can gorge to cave a door, calm during you perform not want to shift covers.
2) rgeister out what friendly of melt needs replaced.
- For the screw-in class cup and class "S" tamperproof fuses:
- If unable to visually investigate the metal link, employ of a voltmeter, wiggy  or neon examination glitter to determine the puzzle by following the steps under (they can too be checked via continuity examination light, this procedure is detailed farther below).
- While holding one probe or conduct of the examination instrument (meter, wiggy or light) to an unpainted outer metal isolate of the fusebox, affect the other probe to the metal rope of the melt holder / fuse. This is done by pushing the probe across the exterior verge of the melt until it contacts the aluminum or copper metal at to which the melt screws in.
- If you employ an symptom of force (120 volts symptom or lamp) this is no the melt that has opened. outline checking the leisure of the fuses by removing the probe from the the melt tested, and repeating the procedure because the next fuse.
- A melt that does no examination to 120 volts or does no fully illuminate the lamp, is a responsible candidate because replacement (meters are often preferred at examination lamps because a lamp can no furnish enough of a vary at brilliance that can be detected by eye).
- Remove the melt at doubt by turning it counter-clockwise.
- If the melt has ceramic or elastic threads and two little copper contacts under the chief of the fuse, they are class "S" tamper-proof fuses. These fuses are a two sheet protection system consisting of a threaded insert that is installed into the fusebox (like a habitual cup fuse) and the the melt itself that is installed into the insert. The fuses and inserts gorge various threads because the various values of fuses. The threads are such that they obstacle installing a melt with a estimate other than intended to shield the circuit (it is impossible to to post any melt other than a 15 amp class "S" tamperproof melt at a 15 amp insert, etc). The class "S" tamperproof melt system removes the guesswork and venture of installing the wrong estimate fuses.
- The standard cup fuses, alike the class "S" tamper-proof counterparts, are available at 15, 20 and 30 amps values. There are too 10 and 25 amp, calm during are no same common.
- To properly elect cup replacement fuses, the cover of the fusebox to be removed. The 15 amp melt is to shield #14 standard copper wire, 20 amp melt shield #12 copper wire, and 30 amp because #10 copper wire. These are the most mutual rope sizes at the melt box. The #14 is the smallest rope connected to a cup melt and the #10 is the largest rope connected to a cup fuse. There will probably only be (2) #10 wires, (4) #12 wires and the leisure #14 wires. The #14 are used because mutual lighting and plugs throughout your family - calm because those plugs at the kitchen, dining room, clothing washer & dryer. The #12 are because plugs at the kitchen, dining room, clothing washer and specialty or dedicated appliances such because larger room stand conditioners, etc.. #10 can be used to feed an electrical clothing dryer, electrical water heater or another little panel elsewhere - garage, etc. These are estimates - full panels and homes differ, and this to only be considered a starting point.
- You will visit larger wires connected to the headmaster and hill melt holders, and perhaps wires that attach to 2 terminals at the bottom of the melt block. These are often used because an electrical water heater or little panel elsewhere. Don't brood if you don't visit these wires.
- For the cartridge melt types:
- Generally, cartridge fuses perform no gorge any visual indicator while they open. They cause to be checked with a voltmeter "in circuit" or with an ohm meter or continuity tester "out of circuit".
- Many old melt boxes furnish because headmaster and hill melt holders. The headmaster is designed because (2) 60 amp 250 volt fuses, and the hill is designed because (2) 40 amp 250 volt fuses. With the fuses and the holders calm at the fusebox, affect one probe to an unpainted metal surface of the fusebox. Locate the four little holes above the melt holder, and review the other probe into the hole until it stops. check because force indication. quote procedure because remaining 3 holes because this melt holder. The holes align with the metal caps of the fuses, and to imply force gift at full four holes. Any hole without a force symptom corresponds to an cave melt direct hind the hole under test.
- Check the orientation of the melt holder by looking because the above and / or OFF indicators at the heart of the short sides of the melt holder.
- Remove the melt holder by firmly pulling it straight out.
- Remove the melt at puzzle and replace it with a maximum of a 40 amp melt because the hill melt holder or 60 amps because the headmaster melt holder. You cause to employ fuses rated because 250 volts.
- Return the melt holder to the fusebox observing the orientation of the holder (if you employ it wrong, simply shift it, roll the holder 180 degrees and reinsert).
3) because mentioned above, another road to check fuses requires a continuity tester or ohm meter.
A continuity tester is alike to a examination light, calm during that this glitter has its hold force source (battery) because isolate of the tester. It cause to never
be connected to another force source - the method a neon examination glitter would. Regardless of the road used (ohm meter or continuity tester), the procedure is the same, hind preparing the instrument because use.
- Continuity examination glitter and Ohm Meter Method
- Set the ohm meter to Ohms (R x 1 or R x 10 scale) / grow the continuity tester on.
- Put the meter probes onto the "Common" and "Ohms" jacks above the meter. affect the opposite ends of the probes to each other. The meter to affect to zero or shut to it. discover the thumb wheel above the meter marked Ohms adapt or Zero Adjust. affect the wheel to create the needle of the meter align with 0. The continuity glitter is checked by touching its probes together. The glitter above it to illuminate.
- Remove the melt to examination from the panel completely. full fuses cause to gorge a method because electricity to enter and exit. Cartridge fuses gorge these points at the ends of their body. They can be tested without removing them from the melt holder. Placing the melt or melt at the melt holder above a non-conductive surface, and affect a probe to each end. A zero reading above the meter or glitter above the continuity tester indicates a good fuse. cup fuses gorge these points located at the middle of the bottom of the melt and the threaded sides (just alike a glitter bulb). affect the probes to these points to examination the fuse. Again, we're looking because a zero reading or the continuity glitter to illuminate. Lastly, the class "S" tamperproof melt points are the middle bottom (like the cup fuses) and any copper encounter point(s) above the underside of the peak of the fuse.