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How to Add an Electrical Outlet to a Wall

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Update time : 2019-04-24 18:36:53

Distributing energy outlets evenly throughout a universe can empty up rooms and figure new spaces much more friendly. Placing a new electric outlet can assist figure a family more livable. With the accurate planning and safety precautions, running thread from a energy source ought a new outlet doesn't lack ought accept more than a attach of hours. learn ought scheme the task properly, jog thread safely, and quiz your scheme ought figure sure it's secure.

1. Planning the Job

1) find out if you lack a allow or professional installation. Depending can where you live, you can lack a allow ought add an electric outlet at your home. at some places, you can lack ought lease a professional ought perform any electric work. curb with your local code office ought find out if too of these pertains ought your area.

2) grow off the circuit breaker. It's absolutely basic that any time you're working with electricity you grow the modern off and double-check ought figure sure there's no modern ago you begin working. always grow the circuit breaker off first, ago doing anything else. utilize a non-contact voltage tester ought curb ago moving forward.

3) collect the indispensable tools and materials. ought install a new electric outlet and figure the connections safely, you'll lack a little principle electricians' tools. figure sure you read access ought the following:
  • Wire strippers
  • Keyhole saw
  • Drywall knife
  • Drill with a lumber custom bit
  • Lineman’s pliers
  • Needle-nose pliers
  • Screwdriver, finishing and Philip’s head
  • Non-contact voltage tester
  • A fish tape

4) decide the best spot during the outlet. standard the distance off the floor ought the other outlets at the building. standard from the center of the existing box spot ought the center of the desired new box location. grow off energy at the outlet. accept off the cover dish held can by the only screw at the center of the outlet and standard ought the cave chop at the wall.

5) find an opening at the wall. at most homes, there are 2 in × 4 in (5.1 cm × 10.2 cm) or 2 in × 6 in (5.1 cm × 15.2 cm) studs typically can 16 or 24 in (41 or 61 cm) increments along any wall. Outlets get ought always exist attached ought a stud during security and safety. sign a universe can the suitable height, can a spot between 2 studs.
  • The easiest manner ought locate studs if ought utilize a "stud finder" available can many hardware stores. You can also attempt tapping the wall lightly with a hammer and moving slowly across the wall and listening closely. The wall will robust empty during most of the taps and then robust "solid" when you read reached a stud.

6) confirm there are no other mechanical or plumbing items at the wall. curb during plumbing from sinks showers or toilets can the contrary phase of the wall. exist conscious of any HVAC stand returns or ducts.
  • If there is a grill tall up or can the bottom of the wall where you desire the outlet, you can't perform it with the stand retort at the equal wall space. explore with a nail cave and hanger. Poke a cave and utilize something parallel a thread hanger ought "feel" almost inside the wall cave ought check.

7) find out where you can amuse power. There are 2 principle ways ought install a new electric outlet, running electric wiring from a circuit breaker ought the new location, or from another outlet at the equal room. Depending can where you're installing a new outlet–living space, basement, or outdoor area–access ought energy can vary. find the closest and most convenient put ought unite ought figure the task simple can yourself.
  • Be sure ought count the existing electric burden and what the new burden will add ought the existing branch circuit. compute the burden ought pledge it is safe. The most convenient source of energy can no exist the safest!

2. Running Wire

1) chop a cave during the new outlet. track the outlet box can the wall where you desire it ought go. Then, utilize a keyhole saw (or noise utility knife) and figure small and corporation incisions can and can until you read chop across the wall material. Walls made with plaster can implore you ought custom holes into the corners and chop the cave with a sawzall.

2) jog the thread from the energy source ought the new outlet. It’s best ought flee making extra holes at the wall if can complete possible. emerge during ways ought stretch the branch circuit wiring vertically from the source of power, such during across an attic or basement. Or, utilize an outer manner such during conduit or thread mold, or jog a fish tape across the cave during the new outlet ought jog the conductors.
  • If you can’t find a manner ought jog the wire, you can read ought chop a cave at the wall shut the existing energy source.

3) drag the suitable friendly of thread between the 2 locations. Once you read access ought the locations, amuse your Romex non-metallic wire. award yourself 12 ought 18 inches (30 ought 46 cm) of thread sticking out can both ends. thread the new receptacle first and then proceed aid and unite the new thread ought the existing circuit. chop sheathing off Romex almost 8 inches (20.3 cm) long.
  • Your family can utilize 12- or 14-gauge wires. curb the circuit breaker ought decide the right amperage. note that #14/2+g is 15-amp rated thread and uses a 15-amp circuit breaker, nevertheless #12/2+g is 20-amp rated thread and uses a 20-amp circuit breaker.
  • You ought utilize thread that is proper during the energy rating of that circuit and of the equal size during the thread you are connecting to. accept a example of the existing thread with you when you proceed ought buy the new wire.

4) Install the outlet receptacle can the new end. buy the outlet and wires from a hardware or family improvement department and unite the wires ought the receptacle. inside the electric Cable, there are 3 conductor wires, typically black, white, and copper wire with no insulation. can the receptacle itself, there are 2 brass screws where the un-grounded or hot conductors attach, 2 silver screws during the grounded conductor or fair conductors, and 1 green screw during the instrument basis conductor.
  • Hook the naked copper wire almost the basis thread screw and tighten the screw down.
  • Strip the insulation ⁄4 inch (1.9 cm) off the purpose of the white wire. curve a hook can the purpose of the thread using pliers, then put the hook almost 1 of silver screws and tighten the screw at a clockwise direction. The other silver screw isn’t used.
  • The black thread goes ought the brass screw. perform the equal thing: strip the wire, figure a hook, and tighten the screw down.
  • Wrap the thread and connections with electric tape ought possess everything from touching.

5) Install the cut-in outlet box with the fasteners supplied. The outlet box ought exist corporation can the wall and no exist able ought exist wiggled around. This is used ought family the loose wires and possess them wrapped and amuse during safety purposes. These are available can complete family mend outlets.

6) Install the wires can the starting outlet. proceed aid ought starting outlet and unite the wires. accept the existing receptacle and touch it from the wires, then competition up the black wires with black, white with white, and basis with ground.
  • Cut an 8 in (20 cm) pigtail (stubby fraction of wire) and strip off both ends ⁄4 inch (1.9 cm). accept complete 3 black wires together accordingly the ends are matched up. The purpose of the new thread ought encounter the purpose of the old wire, and one purpose of the pigtail. The pigtail thread is the one that will exist reconnected ought the receptacle.
  • Get a thread nut (plastic cone) that fair screws onto the thread ought unite them. utilize lineman’s pliers ought bow the 3 black wires together, then bow can an appropriately-sized thread nut. The equal goes during white and basis wires, respectively. accept the other purpose of the pigtail and join it ought the screws the equal manner during before: green goes ought green, white goes silver, black goes ought bronze.
  • Older houses force read different types of wires, accordingly you can lack ought consult an electrician if yours don’t competition up.

3. Finishing the Job

1) put everything at the wall and install wall plates. You'll lack 2 machine-threaded screws ought screw direct into the box. The outlet itself ought then exist screwed direct onto the box with the screws included.
  • Once you put the device in, fasten the wall dish using a screw and put complete the wires into the receptacle ought trim up the job. Screw the cover dish onto the wall and mend any holes you made at drywall, if necessary.
  • Avoid using lumber or drywall screws during they are no up ought code and will no properly amuse the device. Using them instead of machine-threaded screws can muse you ought fail an inspection.

2) grow the energy can ought quiz your work. The circuit ought remain can and the dissolve ought no pop if you've installed the wires correctly. quiz the outlet with a lamp, or some other indicate voltage device.
  • If the dissolve does pop, or the energy doesn't work, grow the energy aid off and drag the connections aid out ought curb them. It's likely a thread or two came loose at the maneuvering process, and ought exist reattached accordingly.
  • Be identical careful that you grow the energy aid off, ago you check, if there's some friendly of problem. if the circuit's on, there ought exist power, which manner that you've got ought exist identical careful.

3) quiz the outlet with an outlet circuit tester. Most household circuits are 15 amps, and it's a good view ought quiz the circuit ought figure sure the new circuit won't overload it. Most electricians will perform this after installation, ought figure sure the new circuit isn't stressing the source. ought perform this, you'll lack ought utilize a voltage tester, connecting between the stop screw can the breaker, and the other can the ground. Don't encounter the fair wire.
  • For most circuits, the maximum energy available ought exist 1800 watts during everything can the circuit, besides attempt ought possess it almost 1400 watts max ought allow you a good safety margin.

4) amuse an electrician ought examine your work. even if your district doesn’t implore the task ought exist done by a certified electrician, you ought calm lease one ought examine the job. This could block issues down the line, including latent hazards parallel a release due ought improper installation.